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Fish house: basic parameters
It's tempting to imagine yourself as the owner of some tiger shark. But for an ocean beauty you need a house with a volume of over 10 cubic meters. Most fellow citizens are unlikely to find a place for such an aquarium in their homes. And the age of novice wildlife lovers, as a rule, is small. It is not known how long their hobby or for several days.
In addition, certain material costs will be required. Therefore, it is better to choose an aquarium of a modest size and select small inhabitants for it.
The number and size of its possible inhabitants, as well as their health, depends on the volume of the aquarium. The parameters of the body of water also affect efforts to maintain the required temperature, acidity, water hardness and oxygenation.
Aquarium has a long history. During this time, many species of small aquarium fish were found in nature, which were successfully transplanted into an artificial habitat.
Breeders have managed to breed a large number of their varieties, differing in shape and color. Recent advances in microbiology and genetics have led to the so-called nano-fish. This is a miniature version of common large fish.
The most common inhabitants of home aquariums
Young aquarists are often advised to choose guppies from the Peciliev family first. These bright babies with big tails are the most unpretentious and inexpensive of all types of babies. They can eat dry food, do not require aeration of water. Males grow up to 3 cm.
Guppies are found in many freshwater warm waters. They are specially bred there to control malaria mosquitoes. Guppies eat the larvae of these harmful insects.
No less popular species belong to the same family: swordtails and mollies.
Neons (tetras family) can argue for the title of the most popular. They are distinguished by shiny bright stripes on the body, sparkling with movement. The birthplace of neons is the Amazon. The maximum length is 4 cm. They prefer live food, they live in the middle layers of the reservoir, they love cleanliness and space. One individual should have at least 1 liter of water. Neons are peaceful and get along well in the same aquarium with the same non-aggressive neighbors.
There are also small aquarium fish in the carp family. Easy-to-keep zebrafish are popular. For their unique color - yellow-green with dark blue stripes - they received affectionate nicknames: ladies' stockings and minke whales . Rivers, streams of Hindustan and northern Indochina - their habitat.
They prefer the upper layers of the aquarium, therefore they are easily combined with those who like the middle and bottom layers. For the biological features of the development of zebrafish have become a kind of laboratory white mice of ichthyologists.
Representatives of this species have even participated in space experiments. Breeders have developed a variety of leopard-colored zebrafish. More recently, even genetically modified fish have appeared - fluorescent.
Barbs (about 15 species) and dwarf rasbora should be distinguished from other carp fish. These are active, beautiful little aquarium fish that love the middle layers of the water. Rasbora babies are the smallest of this family. An adult does not grow more than 1.5 cm. All cyprinids get along well in one aquarium.
A little exotic
Representatives of the labyrinth suborder (perch-like squadron) are surprisingly arranged. They got their name due to the presence of a special organ in them - a labyrinth, which allows them to saturate the blood with oxygen directly from the atmospheric air.
Such fish are able to live in muddy water and stay on land for a long time. Fans of crosswords are familiar with the name of the most famous of the labyrinths. This is a climbing perch, capable of moving from one reservoir to another during a drought.
But when choosing fish for an aquarium, lovers prefer to buy other fish of this suborder - dwarf gourami. The oblong body flattened from the sides (3.5-4 cm long) of olive color with a strip of small dark spots distinguishes these peace-loving fish.
Shy kids love all kinds of caves and hiding places. The aquarium in which the gourami live should be covered with a lid so that its inhabitants do not catch cold. An amazing feature of gourami is their characteristic rather loud rumbling during the spawning period.
Aquarists with experience of keeping fish try to make it as naturalistic as possible and create a small semblance of a natural biosystem in their reservoir: they settle bottom inhabitants in it. For a small aquarium, small catfish are suitable. They do not interfere with other fish, because they are constantly concerned about the cleanliness of the walls and bottom of the aquarium.
It is interesting to watch the peaceful, cheerful and active corridors. About 150 species of these catfish are known, which are native to the rivers of South America. Fish are able to breathe by swallowing air bubbles.
A native of West Africa - a small (3-4 cm long) torch epiplatis - received a completely Russian nickname - the pike-clown for the external resemblance to the river heroine of our fairy tales. Males are distinguished by a beautiful torch-like tail. Peace-loving fish cannot stand cocky and predatory neighbors, they can hide and even refuse to eat.
A striped pecilobricon grows up to 4 cm. A distinctive feature is a narrow body with four transverse spots. In darkness, a dark stripe appears between the first and second spot. The fish is swimmingand with a tilt, head up.
Another baby, the nannostomus nitidus from the lebiasin family, is confidently holding on throughout the aquarium. Small (up to 3.5 cm long) fish should be kept separate from predators. Its natural habitat is a small river in the Brazilian state of Pará.
In 1929, a pandaka goby was discovered on the Philippine island of Luzon. Its name is translated from Latin as pygmy pygmy. Almost completely transparent fish feed on plankton and grow to a maximum of 7-15 mm. Her image is on one of the coins of this country. Some time ago, women of fashion even wore crystal aquarium earrings with tiny live fish inside.
The smallest and most interesting aquarium fish for home keeping are:
- green city;
- badis red Scarlet ;
- dwarf tail scissors;
- zebrafish Panther .
These fish can be planted in a small artificial reservoir for 8-10 individuals. It's very interesting to watch them. But you need to know - these babies are quite shy, and if you plant fish of other species with them, they can get sick.
Danio Panthers are not left in an open container - active babies can not only swim, but also jump.
Rules for Aquarium Newbies
Those who decide to purchase aquarium fish for a small aquarium should follow a few mandatory rules:
- Fish less than 5 cm long should live in flocks of 4 to 12 pieces. Depending on the type;
- The aquarium should be filled with plants and a variety of hiding places so that the fish feel comfortable and the aquarists can enjoy their beauty and unique behavior;
- Babies are peaceful and shy, so bully neighbors and predators are not allowed.
- When installing a artificial reservoir and populating it with inhabitants, you need to take into account the illumination - the fish may need an additional light source, or vice versa, the container will have to be shaded in the daytime;
- Miniature fish are sensitive to water temperature, because their homeland is warm countries, and in the cold season they require special attention.
Keeping an aquarium is not only interesting, but also useful. Observing these beautiful creatures has a beneficial effect on the emotional state: it calms down, removes negative emotions.
Fish, like all pets, need care and attention. They will feel comfortable in the aquarium and allow themselves to be admired only when they are properly cared for.