Dental Implants & Crowns, What's the Difference? | Spath Dentistry
How to determine which is better - a crown or an implant?
Much attention is paid to the appearance and beauty of teeth, because they perform chewing and aesthetic functions. Due to the absence of one or more teeth, the smile becomes ugly, and a person develops a number of complexes. The question arises regarding their prosthetics. In this case, you need to figure out which is better: a crown or an implant?
Features of implants
An implant is a mechanically created part that completely repeats a tooth, having a long root. High quality materials are used for its manufacture. The dentist places it in place of the lost tooth.
Once in the bone, the implant is securely fixed and does not stagger. And already a crown is installed on top. In order for the load in the mouth to be evenly distributed, a separate crown is required for each tooth.
Pros and cons
The implant has a number of advantages, due to which it is most often chosen for prosthetics. Among the advantages are the following properties:
- They can fully replace a natural tooth, and the chewing function will not be impaired.
- The fixation is reliable, so the prosthesis does not wobble.
- It does not negatively affect the surrounding teeth.
- There are no restrictions on what you eat.
- No need to grind teeth.
- After installation, the implant does not break, so it can serve a person for the rest of his life.
Among the minuses, the price dominates. The fact is that the installation procedure, and the implants themselves, are very expensive. Moreover, the prosthetics process takes a very long time. And after surgery, the recovery process can last up to several months.
In addition, there are a number of contraindications regarding such dental prosthetics. Moreover, there is a risk that the structure will be rejected by the patient's body.
Indications and contraindications
Installation of implants is necessary if there are problems with the teeth, but there is no way to make a bridge. Moreover, they are much more convenient than conventional prostheses, so many patients often choose them. In addition, such a design is indicated if the patient's other teeth are very weak, so they can stereunder the influence of staples. After the procedure, a number of complications may appear:
- The stitches applied by the specialist will disperse, causing unbearable pain. In this case, you cannot eat, but you need to urgently consult with your doctor.
- If the fixation of the crowns on the implants is not carried out correctly, then if it becomes necessary to replace another tooth, a number of difficulties will arise.
- In case of infection during the procedure, an inflammatory process may begin at the site of the implant, as a result of which the implanted part will be rejected.
- During surgery, the doctor can touch or even damage the nerve under the jaw. This will result in severe pain after placing the crown on the implant.
- But the most dangerous thing is that with poor blood clotting, the patient may begin to bleed profusely. As a result of severe blood loss, loss of consciousness and even death can occur if you do not see a doctor in time.
Some complications may appear right during the operation, while others - after it. And before installing implants, you need to study what contraindications exist in this regard, and there are quite a few of them. This procedure is contraindicated in people who have any cancer, malignant or benign. And after the introduction of the implant, the patient's condition will only worsen.
Also, you can not do prosthetics if a person has blood diseases, diabetes, diseases of the oral mucosa. The procedure is not recommended for people with problems of the nervous system. Because of this, the patient may not adequately respond to pain during the operation, as well as after it.
What are crowns
A crown is an element that repeats the upper part of a tooth and can be attached to a dental implant or directly onto the surface of a damaged tooth. The crown can be gold, plastic, ceramic, metal and metal-ceramic. Also, temporary and permanent crowns are distinguished, which are attached to an artificial root.
The advantage of this design is that its cost is much lower compared to an implant. Such an element is prepared in a short time and is quickly installed. However, temporary crowns are short-lived, and to install a permanent one, a root implant is first fixed. Moreover, such a part cannot be installed without grinding the surface of the teeth. This makes your teeth very fragile, and sometimes even sore after the procedure.
Indications and contraindications
A crown is installed if the tooth cover is severely damaged or completely destroyed due to trauma or dental disease. Temporary crowns should also be fixed in case of increased tooth wear. However, it should be borne in mind that this procedure has a number of contraindications, so it is better to study them first, and only after that - insert crowns.
Not recommendedThey should be installed if there are jaw diseases, malocclusion, periodontitis. Complete depletion of the body associated with a decrease in immunity is another reason to refuse the procedure. Temporary crowns should not be placed on persons under the age of 16, as their teeth may still change.
In addition, after dental prosthetics with crowns, a number of consequences may appear. About 2 weeks after the procedure, there is something in the mouth, and this causes severe discomfort. Since there is a small distance between the gum and the crown, food can get underneath. The result is bad breath.
What to choose: crown or implant?
Thus, it became clear how the crown differs from the implant. However, which of them is better and what should you choose? In this case, you need to consult with a specialist, and also take into account your financial capabilities. Of course, any doctor will tell you that an implant is better than a temporary crown. But this pleasure is very expensive. The cost of one implant is about 10-20 thousand rubles. A special crown for an implant - from 6,000 to 25,000 rubles. While the usual temporary crown costs about 3000-6000 rubles.
But the implant will serve the patient almost to death, while the crowns are temporary, and they will last only a few years. In this case, the crown can be changed every 5 years. It is imperative to observe oral hygiene, as artificial teeth also deteriorate.
Prosthetics with a crown takes several steps. Moreover, each stage requires payment. To begin with, the patient pays for the crown, then for the treatment of dental diseases, as well as for the impressions made by the doctor.
As a result, it turns out that permanent implants are cheaper than temporary crowns, which have to be replaced twice a decade. But, of course, each person must decide for himself what is best for him, a crown or an implant. However, it is still necessary to adhere to the opinion of a specialist, especially if there are any problems or peculiarities in the position of the teeth.