Pregnancy Danger: Infection that can be harmful to baby
Why infections are dangerous during pregnancy
During pregnancy, any infection is dangerous. If the common cold and runny nose almost does not affect the body of the mother and fetus, then there are diseases that can provoke malformations and even miscarriage.
What to fear?
In pregnant women, immunity is significantly reduced, so the risk of being infected by viruses increases significantly.
What infections can be dangerous during pregnancy:
- Chickenpox (chickenpox);
- Infectious erythema;
- Urinary tract infections (UTI);
- HIV / AIDS;
- Hepatitis B;
- Streptococcus group B;
Cytomegalovirus, which belongs to the herpes family, is especially dangerous. This disease cannot be completely cured, you can only reduce the number of its exacerbations. It is transmitted in the same ways as other herpes viruses: airborne, sexual, contact and intrauterine.
During pregnancy, primary infection with the virus is dangerous, since there are no antibodies in the blood and the disease easily penetrates the placenta. In this case, fetal infection occurs in 50% of cases.
If a woman has already been infected and an exacerbation of the disease has occurred, then the infection of the fetus is significantly reduced to 1-2%, because there are already antibodies in the blood and the virus is slightly weakened.
In addition, the duration of pregnancy plays an important role, for example, in the first trimester, the risk of anomalies in the child's development or spontaneous miscarriage is increased. If the disease manifests itself at a later date, then most often there is polyhydramnios, premature birth and congenital cytomegaly of the baby (jaundice, enlarged liver, spleen, low hemoglobin, CNS, vision and hearing).
Cytomegalovirus infection and pregnancy are often an unfavorable combination, although the symptoms of the disease are not very frightening: general malaise, low fever and other flu-like phenomena.
The probability of infecting a baby in the womb depends on the concentration of the virus in the blood, which is determined by the number of antibodies: the more there are, the lower the activity of the pest. Women newly infected with CMV do not have antibodies, so the likelihood of fetal damage is very high.
Worth frommark that intrauterine infections during pregnancy in most cases have a strong enough effect on the fetus, its development and vital functions.
Prevention of transmission and infection consists in isolating people with an acute stage of the disease from pregnant and newborn children.
This disease is better known as intestinal flu. It enters the body through poor-quality water, dirty hands, poorly processed foods, and contact with contaminated surfaces. That is, the contact-household route is the main method of infection.
Accordingly, prevention should consist in maintaining hygiene, for example, you need to constantly wash your hands with soap and water (after using the toilet, visiting public places, etc.), handle food well, reduce contacts with unfamiliar people, etc.
It should be noted right away that rotaviruses are not dangerous to the fetus. But since the intestines of a pregnant woman are affected, the main danger is dehydration, which, in turn, can negatively affect the baby. Dehydration leads to hypoxia (oxygen deficiency). As a result, miscarriage or premature birth is possible.
The main symptoms of rotavirus infection: diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, a sharp rise in temperature. With proper treatment, these signs will begin to disappear within 2-4 days from the onset of the disease.
Usually, the course of therapy does not include taking antibiotics or other medications. The main thing is to replenish the amount of lost fluid in order to prevent dehydration. A woman needs rest and bed rest.
As for drinking, it should be mineral water without gas, fruit drinks and fruit drinks, electrolyte solutions or rehydration preparations. To reduce the temperature, only paracetamol and products based on it are used. For the same purposes, rubdowns are performed or compresses are made on the forehead, hands, ankles. You can add some vinegar to the water.
To remove the infection, it is necessary to take absorbent and astringent substances, for example, activated carbon, Smecta or Polysorb. Enzyme preparations may also be needed to normalize the digestion of food. It is permissible to use lactobacilli to stabilize the intestinal microflora.
Rotavirus infection during pregnancy requires dieting. First of all, foods that irritate the stomach are excluded. The diet should be as gentle and gentle as possible. It is necessary to give up fermented milk products, fried, salty and spicy foods, fresh vegetables with fruits, pastries and other sweets.
The daily diet should contain slimy cereals boiled in water, stewed vegetables, mashed potatoes without salt, rice broth, jelly, crackers and unsweetened dry cookies.
Urinary tract infections
This disease is dangerousboth for the expectant mother and for the child. If treatment is not started on time, the infection can reach the kidneys, and pregnancy can result in premature birth and the birth of a baby with low body weight.
The bacteria that provoke inflammation can spread very easily in the body during pregnancy.
What signs occur with UTI:
- Discomfort when urinating (pain, burning);
- Pain in the small pelvis, lower abdomen, side or lower back;
- Feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder;
- Alternating sensation of cold and hot;
- Nausea, vomiting;
- Urinary incontinence;
- Frequent urge to use the toilet;
- Urine dark, cloudy, with an unpleasant odor;
- Less or more urine than usual;
- Pain during intercourse.
Treatment is usually not complete without a course of antibiotic therapy lasting from 3 to 7 days. A doctor should be consulted immediately after the slightest symptoms occur, as a urinary tract infection during pregnancy spreads very quickly and if it reaches the kidneys, it will lead to premature birth.
To avoid infection, you must adhere to certain rules. When using toilet paper, guide it from front to back to prevent bacteria from entering the urethra. To wash every day, and when visiting the toilet, empty completely. Baths should not be taken too often and for a short time. Wear cotton underwear and change it daily.
If constipation is concerned, take appropriate action as it increases the risk of UTIs. Drinking more fluids if a woman has recurrent UTIs, it is recommended to consume cranberry juice, which helps to reduce bacteria in the urinary tract.
Why can't I ignore the problem?
Many infections are not serious pathologies, but this does not apply to people with reduced immunity, that is, pregnant women are also at risk. Even a prolonged increase in temperature can have negative consequences for the fetus.
The risk of intrauterine infections is associated not only with acute infectious processes during pregnancy. Chronic pathologies of the expectant mother, as well as complications during the period of bearing a baby, also have an impact.
Infections during pregnancy at a period of 8-10 weeks lead to congenital malformations or death of the embryo. If the virus penetrates later, but before 28 weeks, then the proliferation of connective tissue, dysplasia or hypoplasia of internal organs, developmental delay, generalized infectious processes is possible.
Localized intrauterine infections lead to damage to internal organs and the central nervous system. Since the brain is formed throughout pregnancy, congenital malformations and disorders of the central nervous system are diagnosed very often than other pathologies.
Carefully monitor your health and well-beingTwiem and at the slightest suspicion of infection, immediately consult a doctor! A timely prevented disease guarantees you the safety of both your health and the health of your baby!